Import case details - public listing
|Scientific name:||Phalaenopsis spp.|
Grafia spp., Orchid, Phalaenopsis spp., Phalaenopsis spp. taiwan
|End use:||Nursery stock|
|Date printed:||May 25 2013|
|ePermit:||Apply for an electronic Import Permit (ePermit)|
The information here covers DAFF quarantine requirements only and is current on the date of transmission but may change without notice.
DAFF makes no warranties or representations with respect to the accuracy or completeness of that information and will bear no liability with
respect to that information. Importers must satisfy quarantine concerns and comply with quarantine conditions applicable at the time of entry.
The Commonwealth through DAFF is not liable for any costs arising from or associated with decisions of importers to import based on conditions
presented here which are not current at the time of importation. It is the importer’s responsibility to verify the accuracy and completeness of the
information at the time of importation.
It is the importer’s responsibility to identify and to ensure it has complied with, all requirements of any other regulatory and advisory bodies prior to and after importation including the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service, Therapeutic Goods Administration, Department of Health and Ageing, Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority and any State agencies such as Departments of Agriculture and Health and Environmental Protection authorities.
Importers should note that this list is not exhaustive. Importers should also note that all foods imported into Australia must comply with the provisions of the Imported Food Control Act 1992 , an Act which is administered by DAFF.
Notification of the import must be provided to DAFF for all imported goods other than goods imported as accompanied baggage or goods imported via the mail and not prescribed under the Customs Act 1901. Notification must be consistent with Quarantine Regulations 2000 (examples include a Quarantine Entry or a Quarantine declaration).
Phalaenopsis spp. – import conditions and requirements for high health plants from approved sources in Taiwan
The following requirements and conditions apply to Phalaenopsis spp. plants produced under the ‘Final Review of policy: Alternative risk management measures to import Phalaenopsis nursery stock from Taiwan August 2010’.
Phalaenopsis spp plants produced in accordance with this Review may enter Australia without removing the approved growing medium from the roots, and are exempt from the mandatory on-arrival insecticidal treatment and the 3 month growth in a Quarantine Approved Premises.
The following sources are currently approved to export high health Phalaenopsis nursery
stock plants to Australia under the scheme:
Note: Other sources will be added to this list as DAFF is notified by the Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine (BAPHIQ) Taiwan, that the new source has been registered by them.
A. Prior to Importing Plants
1. All consignments must be accompanied by a valid Import Permit or by means to allow the identification of the import permit.
2. The issuance of this permit does not imply compliance with the requirements of any other government organisation.
3. Phalaenopsis spp. nursery stock for export to Australia must be:
a) grown in BAPHIQ registered greenhouses for a minimum of 4 months prior to being exported to Australia;
b) sourced from pest-free mother stock that has been virus-tested;
c) regularly inspected by BAPHIQ during the growth in quarantine for pathogens of quarantine concern to Australia;
d) grown in a soil-less media at all times prior to export;
e) grown in an approved growing medium such as perlite, vermiculite, inorganic fibres or sphagnum moss which has been pasteurized using hot water. Note: plants may also be exported bare rooted; and
f) produced in accordance with the “Work Plan for the Importation of Phalaenopsis species Nursery Stock from Taiwan to Australia – December 2010”.
4. Plants and their growing medium must be inspected immediately prior to export by a BAPHIQ Inspector to ensure freedom from live insects, disease symptoms and any other material of quarantine concern (eg trash, soil, weed seeds, unapproved media, and packing material).
5. All plants and their growing media must be treated with an insecticidal and fungicidal treatment no more than 14 days prior to export to Australia. These treatments will be certified on the Phytosanitary certificate.
6. Plants must be packed in clean new packaging that safeguards the consignment against insect infestation. Note: Plants packaged into boxes or secondary containers must not exceed 20kgs in total weight for OH&S reasons.
7. Each package or container must be labelled with the botanical name (ie genus and species), number of the grower and the number of the approved greenhouse where the plants where grown.
8. Each consignment must be accompanied by an original Phytosanitary certificate that is endorsed with the following additional declarations:
“The nursery stock in this consignment has been produced in Taiwan in accordance with the conditions governing entry of Phalaenopsis orchid nursery stock to Australia” AND
“Plants in the consignment were produced from approved mother stock plants that have been tested for and found free of Phalaenopsis chlorotic spot virus.” AND
“Number of the approved greenhouse is: …….. “ AND
“The plants have been treated with (insert pesticide name and concentration) and (insert fungicide name and concentration) no longer than 14 days prior to export.”
9. Prior to importing any plants, the importer is responsible for contacting the DAFF regional office in the port of entry to confirm all arrangements for the importation and inspection of consignments.
10. The importer shall give DAFF at least 7 days advance notice of any bulk consignments arriving in Australia so that DAFF can ensure that resources are available for the on-arrival inspections.
11. If plant material arrives to the importer without the correct quarantine direction it is their responsibility to secure the material and contact DAFF to ensure that all quarantine requirements are met (e.g. Quarantine Entry, inspections etc).
12. The importer is responsible for paying all associated DAFF fees and charges.
13. All plant material must be free from soil, disease symptoms and other extraneous contamination of quarantine concern.
14. All consignments and accompanying documentation must be presented to a DAFF Biosecurity officer on arrival for inspection and verification.
15. Airfreight or mail shipments should have all documentation (eg permit or permit number) securely attached to the outside of the package and clearly marked ‘Attention Quarantine’. Alternatively, necessary documentation will need to be presented to DAFF at the time of clearance.
16. Airfreight and mail shipments must be addressed in the following manner:
C/- DAFF Nursery Stock Unit
DAFF address details
17. Timber packaging, pallets or dunnage in Full Container Loads (FCL) containers or on flat racks will be subject to inspection and treatment on arrival, unless certified as having been treated by a DAFF approved method. (Refer to the DAFF publication ‘Cargo Containers: Quarantine aspects and procedures’).
B. Quarantine Procedures
18. All documentation must be presented to a DAFF Biosecurity officer on arrival for examination. The officer must confirm that:
- the Phytosanitary certificate contains the required additional declarations as per point 8;
- plants have been inspected by BAPHIQ immediately prior to export to Australia and found free of live insects, disease symptoms and other material of quarantine concern;
- plants have been sourced from an approved greenhouse as detailed in the ‘Approved sources table’ listed above; and
- plants have been treated no longer than 14 days prior to the date of export.
19. All plants including their growing media are subject to inspection on arrival by a DAFF Biosecurity officer for freedom from live insects, disease symptoms and any other material of quarantine concern (eg trash, soil, weed seeds, unapproved media, and packing material). The detection of live insects, disease symptoms and/or regulated articles may result in the failure of the consignment and remedial action, as appropriate. Details of any interceptions must be recorded by the DAFF Biosecurity officer and referred to DAFF Plant Quarantine Program, Canberra.
(i). The DAFF inspection must occur at the first port of call, no land-bridging of consignments will be permitted until the goods have cleared quarantine.
(ii). The detection of quarantine pests or regulated articles consistently from a specific pathway will result in a review of the pathway by DAFF and BAPHIQ, and may lead to the suspension of trade.
(iii). The detection of live insects may result in consignments being directed for treatment at the importer’s expense, prior to any plants being released from quarantine. Note: Phalaenopsis plants are highly sensitive to methyl bromide fumigation. The DAFF Biosecurity officer should consult with OSP and PQO in Canberra prior to taking any action on the consignment.
(iv). If disease symptoms or nematodes are detected, the consignment will be placed on hold (at the importer’s expense). An assessment of the quarantine risk will be made by a DAFF Biosecurity Plant Pathologist to determine the options that may be available to the importer. These may include:
a) appropriate risk mitigation measures (at the
importer’s expense and risk) which may include further identification* by DAFF
or external service providers, treatment or growth in post-entry quarantine; or
*Further identification may not result in the release of goods and may incur substantial additional costs and time delays for the importer. Further identification will only be offered if it is deemed feasible and the importer agrees in writing to accept all costs and risks involved.
20. Following inspection and provided that the above conditions have been met, the consignment can be released from quarantine by a DAFF Biosecurity officer.
21. DAFF officers must keep records of all imports for tracking and auditing purposes.
22. DAFF reserves the right to review and amend the import policy if circumstances change.
23. The production system and facilities in Taiwan are subject to annual audits by DAFF to ensure continued compliance with the requirements set out for the export of Phalaenopsis spp nursery stock from Taiwan to Australia.
This commodity or species may be subject to Australian Government Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts legislation under the Convention for International Trades in Endangered Species CITES. Commodities/species known to be, or considered to be covered by CITES will be referred to the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (Customs) on arrival to Australia, in addition to their need to satisfy quarantine import conditions.
CITES queries can be directed to the Australian Government Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts on the details below:
|Entry Management  EM0184
DAFF minimum documentary requirements to support assessment of all documentation
All documentation presented to DAFF as part of the import process must meet the requirements of the Minimum Documentary Requirements Policy. These requirements include:
|Entry Management  EM0185
DAFF information requirements to support assessment of non-commodity concerns associated with imported cargo
All documentation presented to DAFF to assist in determining the level of quarantine risk posed by transportation pathways and packaging must meet the requirements of the Non-Commodity Information Requirements Policy. These requirements address:
|Entry Management  EM0221
Nursery Stock- is defined as all propagatable plant materials, including but not limited to: bulbs, corms, cuttings, roots, tubers, rhizomes, stems and tissue cultures.
T9060 Methyl Bromide Fumigation of Imported Plants
1. Methyl Bromide Fumigation
Plants are to be fumigated according to the AQIS Methyl Bromide Standard at the following rates:
a) Actively growing plants (select appropriate ambient temperature range)
The Methyl bromide rate required is:
· 48g/m³ for 2 hours
at 10°C-15°C, or
b) Dormant deciduous and evergreen plants, cuttings and budwood (select appropriate ambient temperature range)
The Methyl bromide rate required is
· 48g/m³ for 2½ hours
at 10°C-15°C, or
c) Bulbs, corms, tubers, rhizomes (select appropriate ambient temperature range)
The Methyl bromide rate required is
· 48g/m³ for 3 hours
at 10°C-15°C, or
2. Post Fumigation Plant Handling
Plant material should be well aired after treatment, preferably by placing it in a gentle flow of air from a small fan for two hours on a table in a well lit room with wet sphagnum moss over the roots. Plants should be potted and placed in a humid atmosphere as soon as possible after aeration to give them a better chance of survival. The foliage should not be wet for 24 hours post fumigation and it is important to remember that plants fumigated with methyl bromide must be kept out of bright sunlight or strong winds for at least 48 hours.
Leaf drop, followed by slight stimulation with a flush of new growth is a reaction which some plants have to methyl bromide. Affected plants will usually recover. Some orchids, especially deciduous types, will shed their leaves. This reaction is also considered to be a reaction to methyl bromide fumigation. Recovery usually commences with flowering and then leaf production.
a) Treatment on Arrival
Nursery stock is treated to destroy arthropod pests as soon as practical after arrival. Most plants are fumigated with methyl bromide. However, methyl bromide has been shown to be particularly detrimental to some plants. These plants may receive an insecticidal dip in place of the methyl bromide fumigation. Only those plants for which treatments T9292 or T9293 are specified are considered sensitive to methyl bromide and it is only these plants that are exempt from the mandatory methyl bromide fumigation. All other plants must be fumigated with methyl bromide.
Importers often claim that methyl bromide kills plants of species that AQIS does not consider sensitive to methyl bromide. The importers usually request that the plants be given the insecticidal dip in place of fumigation. Such importers are to be advised that a high mortality of imported plants is often principally due to factors other than the methyl bromide fumigation. Importers should be further advised that AQIS will only consider the alternative dip if a fumigation trial indicates that the plants are sensitive to methyl bromide.
Fumigation trials will only be conducted using local material (not imported consignments) and AQIS will only consider conducting trials if the importer is willing to supply the necessary quantity of plant material. Fumigation trials are generally composed of a fumigation treatment, an alternative dip treatment and a control. Fumigation trials are conducted on a species by species basis; the results of a fumigation trial for one species are not applicable to another species (even if the species are in the same genus). Results of fumigation trials should be forwarded to Canberra Office.
b) Treatment of Imported Plant Material Which is Not Required to Undergo Post-Entry Quarantine
This plant material may include sprouted seed, elite stock and tissue cultures. If this material does not require fumigation and is examined in a situation where alternative packing material is not available, e.g. post office; provided the packing material is free of infestation and is not a product restricted by quarantine, it may be re-used.
If the imported material requires fumigation it should be treated as well.
It should be remembered at all times that one object of quarantine is to facilitate the safe introduction of plant material.
c) Treatment of Imported Plants, Seeds and Bulbs to Undergo Post-Entry Quarantine in a Private Quarantine House
Following treatment these plants must be re-packed with suitable material to prevent desiccation. If an alternative is not available the original packing material may be used. It must be treated also. The importer is to be ordered to destroy the packing material under quarantine supervision once the plant material is potted up. Care must be taken to ensure adequate gas concentration and ventilation if plant material or bulbs were packed in peat when fumigated.
d) Use of Pesticides in Post-Entry Quarantine
Cosmopolitan pests associated with plants growing in post-entry quarantine may be controlled at the discretion of the responsible Quarantine Officer and/or the Officer responsible for disease screening.
All shipments of rooted plants, with the exception of epiphytic orchids and plants derived from imported tissue culture, are subject to microscopic inspection by AQIS officers to examine for the presence of plant parasitic nematodes prior to planting.
A minimum of 20 plants are to be inspection with an additional inspection rate of 2% on any plants in addition to the first 200.
If plant parasitic nematodes are identified the consignment will be subject to a re-export or destruction order from Quarantine.
|Import Permit Fee  IPF0002
Import Permit Fees (where applicable) – Category 1
This commodity is classified as a Category 1 assessment for the purposes of determining the Import Permit fee rate that applies. The fee rate is $40.00 per assessable item in addition to the electronic lodgement fee of $85.00 or the manual lodgement fee of $150.00 applies.
Note that the fee for the lodgement and assessment of an ePermit application is $125.00.
An assessable item means an item identified on an Import Permit application as consisting of goods of a class imported, or to be imported, from a particular country for a particular use.
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